Oily skin is caused by hormonal fluctuations, diet, contraceptive pills and sometimes hot and humid weather. All these factors cause the skin to lose its moisture and essential fatty acids (Linoleic acid in particular). To compensate for this loss of moisture, the skin begins to produce larger amounts of Oil. Oily skin is characterised by a shiny, think and dull appearance, often accompanied by coarse, enlarged pores, pimples and other skin conditions such as blackheads.
There are several causes of oil skin including imbalanced hormone levels, diet, heredity, pregnancy, use of birth control pills and humid and hot weather.
Because of the hormonal roller coaster of adolescence, oily skin is common in teenagers, but it can occur at any age. In general, skin tends to become dryer with age. The flow of sebum or oil increases during adolescence and starts decreasing with age. During pregnancy and menopause, hormonal imbalances can also upset the oil balance and increase the activity of sebaceous glands.
Many people have skin that is oily only in certain areas and dry or normal in others, a condition known as combination skin.
Whilst oily skin can have many draw-backs, one of the good things is that this type of skin ages more slowly. It is essential when dealing with Oily skin to avoid using products that would dry out the skin, as most people tend to do. This would just cause the glands to produce even more oil to compensate for the dryness when the upper layer of the skin shrinks.
While many people find this condition upsetting it can be rewarding to see it responding to correct and not abrasive or harsh treatments
As always, a consultation is required to assess correct treatment as each person is unique.